Dental problems can be scary but the positive news is that most of them can be avoided easily. It is important that you brush teeth two times in a day, floss regularly, go for routine dental checkups and mouth cleanings so that you can stay away from any oral problems. By educating yourself about common oral problems and their causes with thorough consultation with a dentist and dental hygienist in London, you can actually prevent them as much as possible. Read on to know about some common dental problems.

  • Bad breath

Also known as halitosis, it can be quite embarrassing for everyone. According to dental studies, nearly 85 percent of people who suffer from constant bad breath have tooth cavities, bacteria, oral cancer, gum disease and dry mouth. It is suggested to use a mouthwash and cover up bad breath when you have some oral problem as this only mask the odor only but won’t treat it completely. You need to see a dentist when you have severe bad breath problem.

  • Tooth decay

Tooth decay, also called cavities occurs when some kind of sticky element forming on the teeth combines together with sugars or food starch that you eat. The combination will produce acid that can attack the enamel. You might suffer from cavities during any age and they are not only meant for kids. When you become old, chances are you will develop tooth cavities when the enamel gets eroded. If you have the problem of dry mouth for taking some medications or due to age, then this too can cause cavities.

  • Gum disease

Popularly known as periodontal disease, this infection is of the gums that surrounds the teeth. It is the major cause of tooth loss among adults and according to studies, there might be a link between periodontal disease and heart disease. Everyone can be at grater risk for gum disease, but it usually takes place after you are 30 years. Diabetes, smoking and dry mouth are some risk factors and the symptoms include – red, swollen, tender or bleeding gums, bad breath, painful chewing and sensitive teeth.

  • Oral cancer

Oral cancer is a deadly disease that can affect millions of people. It can be treated when diagnosed at an early stage and is mostly found in people who are above 40 years. Some risk factors are alcohol, tobacco and HPV which is a sexually transmitted virus that can increase the risk. The symptoms of throat cancer are lumps, sores or rough areas in the mouth, change in your biting habits and difficulty at the time of chewing. Routine dental visits can detect oral cancer early and you need to ask your dentist if oral cancer examination is a part of your normal checkup.

  • Mouth sores

You will come across various kinds of mouth sores and they usually last for more than two weeks and then disappear on their own. Common mouth sores are aphthous ulcers or canker sores that take place inside the mouth. Cold sores or Fever blisters occur due to Herpes simplex virus and on the edge of the outer lips. Mouth sores can be found in candidiasis or oral thrush which is an infection of the mouth commonly found in the infants, people having diabetes, people who wear dentures and for treating cancer.

  • Tooth erosion

Tooth erosion is said to be the loss of tooth structure that occur due to acid attacking the enamel. Some signs and symptoms include sensitivity to more severe problems like cracking. Tooth erosion is very common than people even think though it can be avoided easily.

  • Tooth sensitivity

Tooths sensitivity means when you suffer from some discomfort or pain to your teeth from hot or cold drinks, sweets or ice cream. People who have sensitive teeth might experience any discomfort due to brushing and flossing. Sensitive teeth indicate the tooth is cracked or you have an abscess that should be treated to avoid getting any infection into the jawbone or prevent losing a tooth. When you develop tooth sensitivity, it is advised to schedule an appointment with your dentist and know if it should be treated.

  • Oral emergencies and toothache

Though several oral emergencies and toothaches can be prevented with routine visits to the dentist, accidents can happen anytime. A dental emergency seems to be scary at times and common problems include cracked tooth, broken tooth, knocked out tooth or abscessed tooth. You need to visit a hospital for urgent dental care when there is a dislocated or fractured jaw to your lips, mouth or tongue. If you are having a dental abscess that is causing difficulty in swallowing or you have recently developed facial swelling, it is advised to get emergency care.

  • Unpleasant smile

Though your unattractive smile is not a dental problem, it is a major reason why patients seek for oral treatment. Your unattractive smile can lower self-esteem but with advanced dental treatments, you can regain gorgeous smile. So, if you need to perform dental implants, teeth whitening, orthodontics or other cosmetic dental works, your dentist can help to achieve the perfect smile you have always wanted.

Thus, your dental hygienist will give effective tips on how you can deal with as well as avoid common dental problems to keep your teeth and gums strong and healthy.