A louse is a tiny and wingless parasite that feeds on human blood. Since people are wondered and despair due to where lice come from, we tell you the research based fact.

A female adult louse lays up to 6 eggs every day right onto the shaft of the hair. Those eggs that are less than 6mm m from the scalp are most likely to hatch. They are significantly stuck to the hair by oozes from the female louse.

It takes about a week for the egg to hatch, which produces a nymph who then goes through three successive growth spurts, these nymphs moult until they reach adult size.

About the size of a sesame seed, an adult louse is typically very difficult to catch as they can vary in colour from white to tan to brown.

Unfortunately, a louse can feed on blood 4-5 five times each day. Using their mouthparts, they bite into the skin and secrete a material that tends to block clotting.

If you are worried about head lice and want a permanent remedy, here we have enlisted a few tips for you or your child’s head lice prevention. Read on to learn!

Tips to Follow for Head Lice Prevention

Before you dwindle down for the treatment to get rid of your head lice, please check if you take the necessary strides to eradicate the louse population in your head. Here is what you need to do!

1.      Watch Your Head

Lice scuttle onto the body, and they can’t fly or jump. Generally, head to head contact becomes a significant reason for lice spread. It manifests that if you see someone with lice in the head, you avoid activities that involve hair-to-hair contact as much as you can.

2.      Sharing is caring but not always

Apart from head to head contact, lice also spread on combs and brushes. For example, you may find a hat on the store rack stunning and put on the head to make a great selfie, but think again prior to trying it on. This is not surprising that you can get lice if you share hats, hoodies, towels, beds, and pillows with someone who has or recently had it. Such sharing is infrequent. However, the chance is always there, as lice can live for about a day or two after falling off the body. If you have lice on your head or know someone with lice or your friend never shares things that touch the head to prevent spread.

3.      Don’t Lend an Ear

When experiencing a lice attack, don’t share headphones at home or at the gym. This is because Lice don’t live on hard surfaces like plastic. However, they can sometimes hang out on ear buds for a short time. 

4.      Avoid the Comfy Couch

Again you need to sit on soft sofas in order to lower the risk of catching them. Sitting on the plush sofa at the doctor’s office or library or at your aunt’s place might feel good but inquire yourself this: Who had might be sitting there before you? Nits or lice eggs can live for about forty-eight hours on padded furniture and rugs. Using a wooden or plastic chair is safer. Upholstered animals are a refuge for lice, too.

5.      Do Your Laundry

This is very important to follow. If you doubt that you have around some with lice without getting panic, toss your clothing, hat, jacket, scarf, gloves, and any other items into the washer. Hot water is a killer for lice. When exposed to temperatures above 128.3°F for 5 or more minutes, lice die. To avoid a lice outburst, use hot water- 130° F or higher, and then dry on high heat. This is one of the safer, easier, and quicker ways that give head lice prevention from the outbreak.

What are the Head Lice Solutions?

Head lice solutions or procedures are designed for the individuals identified with an active invasion. For early or pre-treatment steps, all family members and other close contacts are checked, and the individuals with evidence of Pediculosis capitis are treated. A few doctors are of the belief that prophylactic treatment is judicious for persons who share the same bed with actively-infested persons. All verminous household members and close contacts) and their bed mates must be pickled at the same time.

Treatment of the infested person(s)

 It needs using over-the-counter or prescription medication. More often, these steps are followed.

 The first step is a precaution in which removing your cloth is dictated to avoid moisture or stain during treatment.

  1. Lice medicine, medically called pediculicide, is applied as per the box’s directions or printed on the label. If the infected person is female and has very long hair, let’s say longer than shoulder length, a second bottle might be inevitable. You are suggested to focus on instructions on the label or in the box regarding how long the medication should be left on the hair and how it should be rinsed off.

Cautions

a. Strictly avoid the use of a combination of shampoo & conditioner or conditioner before using lice medicine. 

b. Also, avoid re–washing the hair for one or two days after the lice medicine is washed out.

  • After the treatment, the infested person should wear clean clothing after 
  1. After eight to twelve hours, if you find a few live lice, but are moving more slowly than before, do not retreat. You should keep in mind that medicine may take longer to invade all the lice. Use a fine (toothed nit comb) to leach out all dead and any remaining live lice out of the hair.
  2. Suppose you couldn’t find any dead loose after 8–12 hours of treatment (lice seem as active as before, the medicine may not be working. Do not apply for the medicine again without consulting your health care provider. The application of a different louse medicine may be inevitable. Prudently adhere to the treatment instructions written in the box or printed on the label, in case your health care provider mentions a different pediculicide.
  3. You can also get nit combs, frequently found in lice medicine packages, or you can buy them separately. It should be used to comb nits and lice from the hair shaft. Many tick combs made for cats and dogs are also workable.
  4. Also, keep in mind that applying a medicine doesn’t mean you don’t need to check your head. Instead, after each treatment, watching the hair and combing with a nit comb to remove nits and lice every 2 to 3 days may reduce the chance of self–reinfestation. To make sure the complete eradication of lice eggs continue to check for 2–3 weeks. if you are treating your head with spinosad topical suspension, then nit removal is not needed

Purpose of retreatment 

In head lice solutions, the objective of retreatment is to kill any living hatched lice before they produce new eggs. For some drugs, retreating routinely about a week after the first treatment- 7 to 9 days, depending on the drug is recommended. On the other hand, if swarming lice are seen during this period, retreatment with lindane shampoo is not recommended.

Additional Measures

When lice fall off a person and cannot feed the head, they do not survive long. Spending a lot of house cleaning activities is not recommended.

Here are the following points you need to ponder to help avoid re-infestation by lice that have recently fallen off the hair or crawled onto clothing or furniture.

  • Machine wash and dry clothing, bed linens, and other items that the infested person wore or used during the two days before treatment using the hot water (130°F) laundry cycle and the high heat drying cycle. You can dry clean the clothing and not washable items or seal it in a plastic bag and store it for two weeks.
  • Machine wash and dry clothing, bed linens, and other items that the infested person wore or used during the two days before treatment using the hot water (130°F) laundry cycle and the high heat drying cycle. You can dry clean the clothing and not washable items or seal it in a plastic bag and store it for two weeks.
  • Machine wash and dry clothing, bed linens, and other items that the infested person wore or used during the two days before treatment using the hot water (130°F) laundry cycle and the high heat drying cycle. You can dry clean the clothing and not washable items or seal it in a plastic bag and store it for two weeks.
  • Machine wash and dry clothing, bed linens, and other items that the infested person wore or used during the two days before treatment using the hot water (130°F) laundry cycle and the high heat drying cycle. You can dry clean the clothing and not washable items or seal it in a plastic bag and store it for two weeks.