Neurological surgery or neurosurgery, also known as “brain surgery,” is a medical procedure concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, and surgical treatment of disorders.
These disorders affect the peripheral and central nervous system, spinal cord and cerebrovascular system, and the brain.
Neurosurgery is a complicated and critical process. Due to such reasons, surgeons have to be extra careful during the surgery.
But does neurosurgery have any risk factors? Let’s find that out!
Neurosurgery in Delhi: The Risk Factors
Just like other complex surgeries, neurosurgery comes with several risk factors, and they are:
- Allergic reaction to anesthesia.
- A Blood Clot.
- Bleeding in the brain.
- Impaired balance, coordination, vision, or speech.
- Swelling in the brain.
- Infection at the injury site or the brain.
- Memory problems.
- Breathing problems.
Why is Neurosurgery Performed?
Neurosurgery is performed for several reasons, and under this section, you will learn about them.
- Brain Tumor.
- Brain Aneurysm Repair [Weaknesses in the blood vessels].
- Arteriovenous Malformations or AVM [Abnormal blood vessels in the brain].
- Damage to the tissues that cover the brain.
- Tic Douloureux or Trigeminal Neuralgia [Severe face or nerve pain]
- Skull fracture.
- Pressure in the brain due to a stroke or an injury.
- Several brain conditions/diseases [ like Parkinson’s disease] can be helped by implanting an electronic device.
- Brain Swelling [Hydrocephalus].
The Type of Neurosurgeries Available
There are several kinds of neurosurgeries, and some of them are:
- Deep brain stimulation
Here, the neurosurgeons create a small hole in the patient’s skull. After that, they insert a tiny electrode deep into the brain instead of removing tissue.
The surgeons link the electrode to a battery on the chest just like a pacemaker. The electrical signals help treat several brain-related conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease.
It is a type of surgery where the surgeons incise the scalp and make a small hole known as the bone flap in the skull. A craniotomy is mainly performed to get rid of blood tumors, drain out fluid, and many more.
The neurosurgeon might leave the hole open on certain occasions if a brain swelling, infection, or tumor occurs again.
It is a surgical process where a tumor or a small amount of brain tissue gets removed by making a small hole or an incision.
The excised brain tissue or tumor is examined under the microscope.
- Minimally Invasive Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery
This surgery helps patients get rid of lesions or tumors through the sinuses and nose without any external incision.
Doctors conduct this surgery for all skull-base tumors like pituitary gland tumors.
It is performed by the ENT or ear, nose, and throat surgeons trained to conduct skull-based and endoscopic surgeries.
- Minimally-Invasive Neuro-endoscopy
This surgery is similar to endonasal endoscopic surgery. Neuro-endoscopy takes the help of endoscopes [scopes fitted with cameras] to eliminate brain tumors.
The surgeon will make a hole in the patient’s skull and then insert the endoscopic along with a surgical instrument to conduct the surgery.
Preparing for Neurosurgery/Brain Surgery: How to Do It?
The doctor or physician will provide you with instructions on how to prepare for neurosurgery in Delhi.
Be sure to tell the doctor about the medications you’re taking, including nutritional supplements and over-the-counter medicines. You might have to stop taking these medicines before the procedure.
Don’t forget to inform the physician about any prior allergies or surgeries or if you’re drinking alcohol.
The doctor will give you a special soap to wash the hair before the surgery. Pack up all the things you might require during your stay at the hospital.
Follow Up After the Surgery
Once the surgery is completed, the doctors will closely monitor you to ensure everything is working correctly.
You will sit in a raised position to stop the swelling in the brain and face. On the other hand, recovery will depend on the kind of surgery that was performed.
Generally, you have to stay in the hospital for a week or more. The length of the hospital stay will depend on how well the patient’s body responds to the surgery.
You will receive pain medication during your stay at the hospital. Right before you get discharged from the hospital, the physician will explain everything.
Neurosurgery is a critical and complex medical procedure performed by skilled and trained neurosurgeons.
The surgery has several risk factors, and the surgeons try to cover all the bases.
Before you opt for neurosurgery or brain surgery, it is advisable to consult the best neurosurgeon for an opinion.