In modern times chemistry is perceived differently thanks to its wide field of application, it has been possible to use this very important science in various professional spheres to enhance the results of a process.
Thus, we can speak of industrial chemistry, as one of the ways in which this discipline is used, this being a branch of chemistry that uses its knowledge to produce industrial, effective, accessible and sustainable material.
This field specifically seeks to develop and innovate in terms of industrial materials for their better use, that are economical and with low impact on the environment, as well as more resistant chemical products.
What are the branches of industrial chemistry?
Like any other discipline, industrial chemistry has several very distinctive sectors where a person with the profile of industrial chemist can practice. In this way, since it exercises activities for the formation of compounds in products of great demand, it can target areas such as:
Base Chemical Industries
This is part of the classification of chemical industries according to raw material and substances produced by the industry; This is based on the transformation of these raw materials that have a natural origin such as oil or minerals into substances that will have great relevance to produce low-cost products in large quantities.
Chemical Transformation Industries
Also called secondary chemical industries, they are characterized by working with already transformed chemicals for the production of much more complex chemical products than those handled by the base chemical industries.
These are not directed precisely to other industries for their elaboration, but are destined directly to the final consumer market. Some examples could be glass, paint, plastic, textiles, etc.
The oil industry is oriented to the transformation of oil, which is the main raw material, into chemical products such as gasoline or any other type of fuel, as well as other chemical products derived from it such as pharmaceuticals, solvents, plastics, pesticides, fertilizers, among many others.
This industry includes a series of important processes for the manufacture of the final material, such as exploration, extraction, oil refining and then starting with its transport and from there starting with the process of manufacturing products and marketing.
It is responsible for the manufacture of steel through processes and stages called iron and steel processes; Steelmaking is a technique used to treat iron ore and obtain different of its derivatives, although it can be confused with steelmaking, they have their differences in terms of their processes.
In this sense, the steel industry carries out the steel industry that produces steel from iron ore and the steelworks, produces steel from iron or other steel.
If we talk about highly sophisticated products in terms of research and realization of them, we refer to the fine chemistry that is capable of providing this type of products through the industry, selling them at a price that allows to cover research expenses since they do not,they are precisely intended to cover the use of raw materials.
How is chemistry applied in industries?
Chemistry is a science of great relevance and repercussion in the various industries that exist since it allows its economic development and in turn, benefiting different spheres of a population such as the production of:
Food: Increasing the duration of these, allowing pasteurization, drying, modification, extraction and distribution.
Cosmetics: They produce various products for personal care such as makeup, perfumes or others.
Agrochemistry: Making fertilizers, pesticides or products for the treatment of the land and even water.
Pharmaceutical: Development of drugs to ensure the health of a population and medical care.
These are just some of the fields to which this science is oriented, allowing the industrial chemist to study, extract, modify and innovate in the field of chemical development for the benefit of many social spheres.
Chemical Industries Relations
As we mentioned in previous sections, chemistry has a close relationship with the multiple industries that are oriented to all kinds of productions, some of them are:
Regarding the manufacture of fabrics, chemistry has played a fundamental role, serving as the basis of textile development since this science is used to carry out various processes in which a specific and very large series of chemicals are involved for the manufacture of fabrics and fibers destined to a final material with specific characteristics.
In this industry chemistry is used to manufacture the different parts of a car as well as its accessories, for example tires that are made of more than 200 compounds such as synthetic rubber, zinc, oxide and fibers; the seats, made of polyurethane compounds to reduce vibrations.
Likewise, not only in the manufacture of the car itself, it also intervenes in its operation, since thanks to the chemical industry there is the development of fluids that improve their quality and performance, such as coolant, hydraulic fluids, etc.
It allows the correct treatment of food, the proper care of water through its analysis and the development of chemical products for the care of fields, crops and food, also thanks to this, food that can be modified is extracted and distributed through technology to ensure people’s health.
The importance of the Chemical Industry
Thanks to the chemical industry, infinite combinations can be obtained as substances for obtaining and modifying compounds for the development of chemical products that provide a great advance in research and even in chemical and biological technology, widely benefiting the field of science and development in their various contexts.
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